Written By: Tracy Gomez
The gender of a cannabis plant is essential for growers to determine which plant is to keep and which one needs to let go. Female marijuana plants are the only gender that produces buds. Male seeds are considered unusable because they don’t grow flowers; that is why growers prefer female plants.
Buying feminized cannabis seed online is accessible for breeders and growers across the world. It can cost you extra to get this type of seeds from established vendors. Regular seeds produce 50% female and 50% male, which means half of your cultivated cannabis is good for nothing.
With the two critical stages of a cannabis plant’s life, vegetative and flowering stage, you can quickly determine the plant’s gender around six weeks when it starts to show preflower signs. It’s a crucial part of cultivation for growers as it helps you identify the male from the female marijuana plants.
Why Growers Prefer Female Cannabis Seeds
Growers and breeders prefer female plants as it produces buds. Male plants don’t produce buds, which is why they are unusable for growers. Growers preferred to keep female plants. Buying from a reputable and trustworthy vendor or seed bank is essential. You can purchase feminized seeds from legit vendors, or you can find seeds here, all guaranteed high-quality, and comes from excellent genetics at an affordable price. Please take note that it’s essential to purchase your cannabis seeds only from established suppliers known from years of quality products and excellent customer experience.
After six weeks of cultivation, your cannabis plant will start to show preflowers signs which enable a grower to determine the gender of the marijuana plant.
There are some instances where a plant displays two parts, also known as hermaphrodites. In these cases, you will need to wait until your plant switches from the vegetative stage to the flowering stage. With the 12-12 scheduled light, the cannabis plant will reveal its gender.
The flowering stage enables you to see how the female plant grows flowers, and the male produces pollen sacs, which won’t be useful for growers.
Female cannabis produces flowers that contain an excellent THC amount. Male plants produce pollen sacs used to fertilize your female plants. Unless you want seeds, you can keep the male plants. However, if not, better to cut them off. Otherwise, your female plants will produce seeds instead of flowers.
Cannabis growers are vigilant when it comes to the cannabis plant gender to prevent male pollen sacs from impregnating female buds and decreasing the flowers it produces.
When Does Your Marijuana Plant Reveal Its Gender
Traditionally, you can identify the gender of your cannabis plant at around three to six weeks from seeds. The preflower stage enables growers to reveal gender and decide if they will need to remove male plants right away.
In some instances that you cannot identify the gender of your plant, you will need to wait for the flowering stage but have to be vigilant at the same time. Otherwise, all your effort will be put to nothing if your male plants fertilize your female plants, causing them to produce seeds instead of flowers.
How To Choose And Cultivate Female Seeds
Dedicated growers purchase feminized seeds as this yields to 100% female plants. Feminized cannabis seeds came from intensive breeding of two female plants to produce only female seeds.
It’s a guaranteed process of cultivating pure female marijuana seeds without second-guessing and checking your plants during the pre flower stage, whether there are male plants that will be needed to be removed.
You can purchase feminized cannabis seeds from reputable vendors or trusted seed banks online. Since growers prefer female seeds that produce flowers or buds, breeders cross the boundaries and simplify cultivating experience.
With online seedbanks that produce feminized seeds from famous strains, you’ll have a complete guarantee that your cannabis plants will produce buds like how you want it.
3 Secrets to Growing Top-Quality Hemp
If you are interested in growing hemp, then chances are you already know about the basics. However, we are going to dig a bit deeper today and glimpse a few secrets. These can be the key to growing top-quality hemp seeds, which can be used to grow the best CBD products.
Never Go for Mixed Seeds
A mixed bag of seeds will always be a cheaper option, with the lure of getting a few seeds of the widest variety a significant attraction for amateur growers. Unfortunately, that is very rarely how it turns out. Instead, you can expect most of those seeds to be from a weak strain, and they probably won’t even qualify through the legal standards set in terms of THC percentage allowance in hemp plants. Some may not even germinate!
To avoid wasting your money and time, do not buy unmarked mixed seed bags, at least not when it comes to hemp. Besides, legal hemp standards violations can also land you in a lot of trouble with the police. It’s better to rely on a quality hemp seed supplier that has made a name for themselves in the market, even if you have to pay more.
The Entourage Effect
It might sound like a misplaced term in hemp farming, and one wouldn’t be wrong to think so either! However, this term’s meaning holds a lot of importance for hemp farmers, CBD manufacturers, and their customers. It describes the synergy that exists between each part of the hemp plant, and in the way that synergy affects our CNS. The Minny Grown blog is a good resource to learn more about the entourage effect, and how the secret is used by them to manufacture top-shelf CBD products.
The Impact of Light Intensity
Of course, it’s not exactly a secret that hemp grows well in dry, warm, and sunny climates, but there is more to it than that. Dig a little deeper, and you will find the following tidbits about growing high-quality hemp seeds.
Hemp requires significant heat and sunlight exposure, and in artificial environments, those conditions must be maintained to ensure proper growth.
- Excess heat will kill the plant in no time as well, so try to maintain a temperature between 77° and 86°F during the day
- 63°-64.5°F is the ideal nighttime temperature
- The difference is necessary to keep if you are growing your plants indoors
- Depending on the strain of hemp that you are cultivating, the perfect temperatures may vary
Those that get these aspects right throughout the lifecycle of their hemp cultivation are the ones that gain access to the best hemp seeds. However, CBD from organically grown and harvested hemp is almost always going to be of superior quality. Tests have shown that Midwestern US states have the best weather conditions, soil, and ecosystem for growing organic hemp. The seeds that come from CBD plants grown in Minnesota are among the best in the world.
Make the Most of Your Crop
The Angry Grower has new techniques to improve the yield of your plants.
Depending on your willingness to try new techniques along with a little ingenuity, there’s a number of ways that you can vastly improve the yield of a plant. There are many methods to maximize the amount of light that your plant receives as well as pruning techniques. Here’s a few of my favorites
This high stress training method should be done within one to two weeks before flowering. Basically your goal is to break up the tissues inside the stem while being gentle enough to not damage the outer skin.
First pinch the stem gently while slightly rolling it back and forth between your fingers. Gradually increase the pressure enough to feel the inner tissue break up. Now use your other hand to gently pull the stem in the direction you want to bend it, creating a 90 degree angle.
Your first few attempts might be rough but don’t let it be discouraging. Just take your time and don’t be afraid to break a stem or two while perfecting this method.
Low Stress Training
LST is accomplished by gently bending the stems away from the middle of the plant, creating a wide and flat shape. LST is also a great way to control the height of your plant, if you happen to have low ceilings.
While your plant is in veg, gently pull a stem away from the center of the plant and tie it down. Now pull a different stem in the opposite direction and tie it down. Repeat this process throughout your veg, creating a wide and flat plant. This allows for your plant to get much more light coverage which promotes more colas. Avoid this method in the later stages to prevent breaking the woodier stems.
This method involves removing the newest node on the main stem. Doing this causes the plant to split into two main stems while simultaneously encouraging it to grow more wide and bushy.
Simply pinch the top node of the main stem with your thumb and index nails, removing the node while leaving the attached leaf intact. Perfecting this throughout your veg will greatly impact your overall yield while allowing you to control the overall height of your garden.
This pruning method not only improves the size and density of your colas, it also saves you the headache of attempting to harvest a ton of tiny, airy buds. By simply removing the lower and smaller branches, the average size and density of your colas should drastically improve.
While still in veg, start cleaning up the bottoms of your plant. Removing any stems that seem small or incapable of receiving light. I recommend doing this over a number of days to prevent over stressing the plant. When done incorrectly, the plant will be focused on healing instead of growing. So make sure to do your pruning with care and patience, until you feel confident. Allow at least a week before flowering, to ensure the plant has bounced back with new growth.
Now that you have a few new tools in your arsenal, play around and do some tests of your own. Don’t be afraid to use more than one of these methods at a time while you figure out what works best for your garden. Just remember to listen to your plants. They’ll always let you know if they’re happy or not.
Have a question or just feel like aggravating the Angry Grower? Ask your question in the comments below and see if he bites!
Tips For Preparing Your Garden
As the days grow warmer and longer, your opportunity to establish a garden this year is running out. So, get started NOW. Don’t worry, Michael Scott will be there to comfort you when you’re finished.
If your experience is limited to indoor operations, you’ll come to find that there are much greater possibilities with Sativa when grown outdoors. The ability to grow outdoors allows your plants to reach their full potential and will significantly impact the final product, without needing a giant to grow room. Keep in mind Sativas can take longer to fully mature, though. Here are some tips to make sure you start your season strong, giving you a much better chance at a proper yield.
Finding the Right Location
It’s essential to choose a spot that will continue to be sunny throughout the Fall. If you’re not sure how the sun travels across your garden, check out Google Earth’s Sun feature. If you’re still unsure where the best location will be, it might be best to plant in large moveable containers. Even partial shade can cause plants to flower early. So, make sure you keep them in direct sunlight!
Soil, Soil, and Soil. Oh, and Soil!
The importance of your soil can’t be stressed enough. Building healthy soil not only makes your plants thrive, but it also makes your job easier in the long run. Guano, compost, and worm castings are all great ways to feed your soil. Don’t forget that you’ll want some nitrogen at first, to help those babies start strong. Later in the season, they’ll be craving potassium and phosphorus to boost flowering. Calcium’s another vital element. Your plants consume the same amount of calcium as they do nitrogen, if not more. Oyster shell meal is a great organic supplement for calcium!
A Few of My Favorite Strains to Grow Outdoors
With more of a citrus taste and nose, the effects are that of a typical Indica. California Indica can produce large plants with heavy yields when planted outdoors.
Originating on California’s central coast, haze delivers a very distinctive scent and flavor of mint and pine. When growing in warmer climates, haze will do well.
This Sativa dominant hybrid has a sweet and spicy quality. It grows well in mild temperatures, which makes it a top choice for outdoor growers around the United States.
Of all the phenos of this hybrid, #4 is the most popular. With pungent pine flavors and a bit of skunk, this strain has the potential to provide an incredible, extra sticky harvest.
Something to Keep in Mind
So, you’re a wiz when it comes to growing indoors! Great! Now tuck that ego away. Although you’ll be using some of the skills you’ve picked up indoors, apart from the elements, you’ll soon start to explore new cultivation practices. Forget about the digital meters and grow lights, for now. Now is the time to become one with your plants and with nature. Your ability to read the elements, as well as your plants, will largely dictate your success. Remember to give your plants space! Bunching plants up to capture optimal illumination won’t work outside. So provide them with plenty of room to spread out!
Types of Cannabis Seeds to Grow
Thinking about a home grow? Read this article to find out what type Cannabis seeds you should get.
If you are starting in the world of growing cannabis, you need to know the properties and attributes of the various types of cannabis seeds you can get in the market. Where do these seeds originate from? From the pollination of a kind of male plant and one type of female plant. The result of this seed generation is a genetic combination of the plants used in the cross—one with a higher predominance than the other.
Cannabis seeds are categorized into two types: photo-dependent and auto-flowering. Both require light to perform the chemical processes that allow them to grow and flower optimally. They differ in the level of exposure. The former develops and grows depending on the hours they are exposed, whereas auto-flowering plants develop regardless of the exposure period.
The photo-dependent seeds start flowering in their adult stage and need approximately 18 hours of light and 6 of darkness in their growth phase. Then, when they move on to flowering, they require 12 hours of light and 12 of night. They are divided into two types of seeds: feminized and regular. These characteristics make that of all the photo-dependent varieties you can get mother plant and make your cuttings. That’s why feminized cannabis seeds are the favorite ones of expert growers.
One of the main benefits of planting feminized seeds is that you can get optimized crops because all plants will be female, in addition to their high production. In the case of regular photo-dependent seeds, the main advantage is that you can get more genetic diversity because they do not come from two equal plants.
Autoflowering seeds can germinate in three ways: by genetically crossing photo-dependents and Ruderalis, by crossing auto-flowering with other photo-dependents and by crossing auto-flowering. This type of cannabis plant stands out because its THC level is not as high as the previous ones, nor do they have as much production.
Among the advantages of planting auto-flowering cannabis seeds is that they are quick to harvest, highly discreet, and, if the right climatic conditions exist, you can grow them all year round.
To choose the kind of cannabis seeds to use, you should consider the type of cultivation you are going to do if you are going to do it in an indoor or outdoor area, as well as the weather conditions of the place.
8 Important Things to Check When Buying Led Grow Lights
There was a time when we had to rely only on sunlight before our crops can grow. But with more studies and research, it has been discovered that LED grow lights can help the plants grow naturally. Today, many farmers and agricultural professionals have come to embrace this latest trend.
And there is a reason for it though; LED lights offer you the following:
- Energy efficiency
- Stimulated growth
- Adjustable wavelength
There are many LED grow lights that are on sale and not every one of them really works. You can easily get distracted by different models and end up choosing the wrong LED lights. Here are 8 things to look out for in LED Grow Lights
- Electricity capacity and consumption
If you have to run your LED grow light for up to 10 to 11 hours every day, make sure you choose a LED light within 300W to 500W with high output so that you get good result without having your electricity bill shooting up.
- Durable materials and built
Good quality LED grow light can last up to 10 years. Preferably, US products have more durable grow lights than many other products.
- Low heat production
Too much heat can damage your plant and give the adverse effect. You want to protect your plant even as they are encouraged to grow. Therefore, choose a LED grow light with balanced heat output that uses less energy.
Some plants do better with the blue and red spectrum light present. Full spectrum also includes ultraviolet and infrared lights too. With these present, your plant will have what it requires to really grow.
- Take your plant into consideration
There are different lights for different plants. You must make sure that the LED grow light you are going for is suitable for the plant you intend growing. Flowers need lesser grow lights than tomatoes. You also need to find out if the light will serve you for the first cycle or the total growing cycle.
- Flexibility and ease of use
A good quality LED grow light is easy to use and yet, very efficient. You won’t need to spend the whole day trying to figure out how to best position it. Look for the one that its light intensity and wavelength can be adjusted.
LED grow lights are very durable when you get the good one. So, if yours if offering anything less than 10 years warranty, it could be an indication that the manufacturer is not sure of the quality of his product.
- Good semiconductor chip
Semiconductor chip in LED grow lights is what helps them convert electrical power to grow light and also determines the right wavelength. If the light’s chip is at least up to 3 watts, you can be sure that it will give your plants enough illumination.
The Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners to Grow Weed
Are you looking to learn how long it takes to grow weed? Then, you must check out these reliable online sources to help you with the process. Learn more in this article:
Are you looking to learn how long it takes to grow weed? Then, you must check out these reliable online sources to help you with the process. Learn more in this article:
#1: Select the Place to Grow Plant
Initially, you need to decide on where you intend to grow the weed plants. Whether it is going to be an indoor place or an outdoor place. It is said that indoor growing is much more suited in terms of privacy and taking care of the plant. It’s a cheap place to grow and maintain the plants. A spare room, closet, garage, extra bathroom, grow tent, kitchen garden, or inside the computer base can work fine to grow the Cannabis inside. However, if you are looking for a higher yield, then you must consider the outside space to get a quality and quantity crop.
#2: Seek the Proper Light
It is wise to choose the growing light for a better crop. There are different light options you may need to consider for the successful growth of Cannabis. The Sunlight, Compact Fluorescent Bulbs (CFLs), Household LEDs, other Fluorescent Lightning (T5 or T8), LEC or CMH grow lights, LED grow lights, Metal Halide (MH), and High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) are viable options. You must choose the proper lighting approach for a better yield.
#3: Pick the Growing Medium
Before you choose the growing medium, you must know that each medium has different care, water, and nutrients requirements. Typically, the grow mediums are: soil, soilless mix, directly in water or hydroponics, and less intense types of hydro. The absolute best option can be fertilizing your own organic soil.
#4: Get Essential Nutrients
The next step is to purchase the basic nutrients like the soil growers, soilless, and hydroponic growers. One good nutrient is enough to rule the successful yield. Learn about the cannabis-friendly nutrients to achieve the full plant strength. While I talk about the importance of nutrients, I must mention the importance of root pH. Don’t forget to test the pH level of your water.
#5: Decide On the Strain
When you get your Cannabis plant, choose the strain as well. Learn about safety and precautions when deciding on the strain. Pick the right Cannabis strain to obtain the desired outcomes. The most common strain types are Indica, Sativa, Hybrid, Afghani Kush, Allen Wrench, Amnesia, Banana OG, Bay 11, Berry White, and Blue Dream.
#6: Germinate the Seeds
If you happen to root a clone at an earlier stage (a live Cannabis plant), then you can definitely skip this step and jump to the 7th step directly. However, if you have not, I think the easiest and quickest way to germinate seeds is to straight away place in a specialized cube-like Rapid Rooter.
#7: Vegetative Stage
This is the most important step to grow your Cannabis into big and strong plants. At the vegetative stage, you must get a bit warmer and comfortable room temperature for the plant’s growth. Extreme weather conditions like freezing cold and burning hot can be quite dangerous for the crop. So, make certain of the suitable growing environment.
#8: Flowering Stage
At this stage, the plants attempt to make buds. During the flowering stage, you must change to 12-12 light schedules, identify the gender of your Cannabis plants, and immediately get rid of any male buds. When you see plants with white hair, then they are surely female.
#9: Harvest Your Crop
Are you ready to acquire the results of your hard work? The harvesting of weed is the most exciting part. Just wait until the plants’ buds stop growing any new or white hair. Harvest when 50% to 70% of these hairs have darkened enough to get the highest levels of THC. If you want to obtain more relaxing CBN, then you must wait for like 80% to 90 %.
Essential things to keep in mind while growing marijuana
Growing marijuana is a very delicate process that requires precision and a huge chunk of your time. You need to make sure that you have everything set up correctly. Any slight mistake can end up ruining your entire yield regardless of the stage. Most people who end up with poor quality marijuana is because they either missed a step or they made a mistake a long way. To avoid making such rookie mistakes, you need to make sure that you have every essential information about growing marijuana at your fingertips. The information below contains crucial details about growing marijuana, be sure to go through the details carefully if you want to end up with high-quality produce.
Use a plant with the right genetics
There are many cases where you find someone applying all the appropriate procedures to cultivate marijuana, but still, they end up with poor quality yield. What these people don’t know is that they made a single poor choice, and that is using clones or seeds that come from a plant with poor genetics. It isn’t very easy to end up with a good yield if the parent plant was not healthy. You should thus make sure that you use plants with great genetics only. That way, you will effortlessly get a better harvest. It is among the most significant marijuana growing tips that most people tend to ignore, especially beginners.
Be in control of the growing environment
Marijuana is a very delicate plant. It tends to be too demanding in terms of environmental conditions. That is why it is advisable you grow them indoors. This is the only way you are going to be in complete control of the situation. Growing cannabis outdoors gives you limited control, and that may lead to future problems. With the recent sporadic changes in weather patterns, you may find yourself dealing with too much humidity during the flowering phase and less humidity during the vegetative period instead of the other way round. But since you are growing outdoors, it becomes hard to change the conditions. Alternatively, one can surf the net to buy weed online Canada and find various trusted retailers offering high-quality weed.
Ensure your feminized seeds gets plenty of light
Light is a crucial requirement for cannabis. The cultivation process will want you to provide the plant with at least 18hours of light during the vegetative phase. That is unless you are using auto-flowering seeds that don’t require too much light. It is usually the period that begins when the plant sprouts until when it is about to flower. Eighteen hours of sunlight will ensure you end up with excellent foliage. You, however, have to reduce the amount to 12 hours once the plant starts flowering. Twelve hours pure darkness should follow to ensure the plant ends up with blooming flowers. That is why lighting is among the vital weed growing requirements that you should never ignore. Seeds that require such intense sunlight include white widow, blue dream, blueberry, and banana kush, among others.
Pick the right growing pots
It’s better to use containers instead of planting them in the bare ground to avoid pests and diseases. The technique, however, requires you to be extra observant of the type of containers you use. For starters, you need to come up with pots that have a minimum capacity of 10 litters or 3 gallons. But then, having a pot with twice that capacity is highly recommended. The reason why you need bigger containers is to allow the roots of your cannabis to grow freely. Doing so will enable you to end up with healthy plants and a great harvest. Other mediums you can consider are hydroponics and soilless mixes like coco coir as well as perlite, Rockwool, and vermiculite. The idea is to give cannabis plants enough room to grow healthy.
Using fertilizers and boosters is not always the answer
If you make use of fertile soil that has quality nutrients, then there is no need for you to use fertilizers and boosters. Incorporating them will cause more harm than good. They may end up drying your plants and killing them altogether, or affect the yields negatively. The only time to use these products is if the medium you are using is undergoing depletion. That means the nutrients are scarce, and the plants require more nutrients. Other than that, limit the use of fertilizers and boosters. It would help if you also researched before applying any booster to your weeds to avoid experiencing significant issues. You can also use fertilizers to ensure the ideal PH. For soil, you need a PH of 6.3 to 6.7. Hydro, on the other hand, requires a PH of 5.5 to 5.7. Use color kits and PH probe to ensure the correct PH.
Know what to pluck away
The phrase I love growing marijuana should only come from those people who know when to pinch and pluck their plants. Have a habit of plucking the middle section of the plant. That is to encourage bushy vegetation, which is going to lead to a better yield. The pinching should, however, stop when the plant is two weeks away from budding or less. Also, go around the plantation, removing any leaves that prevent light from penetrating the plant. By doing so, your plant will grow healthy and bushy. It will also give you an excellent harvest.
Always make sure the area is clean
Marijuana, unlike other plants, requires a clean environment for them to grow healthy. It is also one of the best ways to keep the plant from getting diseases. Some of the things you should do to ensure this is by washing your hands before handling the plant. Make sure the tools you use are clean and sanitized and always keep the environment clean and tidy. That will prevent pests from infesting the plant and so you will not have to waste too much cash on purchasing solutions to keep them away.
Ensure air circulation
Ensuring the grow room has plenty of free air is yet another essential detail to keep in mind. Make use of large fans strategically positioned to circulate air throughout the area. The number and sizes of fans depend on the size of the growing site. The bigger the size, the more fans you should use. You should also make sure you use quality fans to avoid constant breakdowns and costly repairs.
These are so far some of the main things to keep in mind whenever you are growing marijuana. Ensure that you observe cleanliness, air circulation, use the right pots, and manage the soil and fertilizers well enough. You also need to keep your plants indoors so that you can easily manipulate the environmental conditions to suit your needs. By doing so, you will end up with an excellent harvest.
About the author: Rebecca is a cannabis and health industry consultant who frequently writes about the latest trends in the industry with only one motive that is to create awareness about healthy living. She has been writing for a long time now and is becoming a recognized name in the cannabis industry.
Getting Started on Your Indoor Garden
- Choosing your Growing Medium for Indoors
When it comes to growing mediums, there are several different choices from Rockwool, to Hydrocorn, to Vermiculite. Some work better for certain operations, depending on the type and size of your garden. Larger gardens should keep in mind the amount of waste that Rockwool can create. I would stay away from using traditional soils indoors. Most size pots retain too much water, which causes mold and nutrient burn. Also, retaining too much water could create bug issues such as fungus gnats. Of all the growing mediums, my personal favorite is a Coco and Perlite mix, for indoors. By choosing Coco, you’re not only saving money by reconditioning your Coco coir, but you are also making an Eco-friendly decision.
- Choosing a Strain
When selecting strains, you want to ask yourself what your overall goal is. Is this for personal use or retail sale? Some strains have larger yields and lower potency, or vice versa. Are you looking for CBD or THC dominant buds? Whatever you choose, make sure to do your homework. Also, try your best to get good genetics. Buying seeds from reputable companies ensures that you get exactly what you’re looking for. It’s easy to lose good genetics, so don’t forget to keep your mother plants healthy until you are 100% sure that you no longer want the strain.
Improving Energy Efficiency in Cannabis Facilities
The legalization of cannabis across many states has drawn significant investment. However, growing cannabis indoors requires plenty of electricity. This represents a high operating cost for growers and a burden for the power grid.
Growing cannabis demands that you command full control of the lighting, ventilation, humidity and temperature of your grow space. These systems are found in all commercial buildings, but indoor horticulture has very high energy requirements per square foot. Energy efficiency measures that target these systems are the most effective at saving you money in the long-term.
Benefits of LED Grow Lights
Fluorescent and HID lighting have been the most common options for indoor cannabis growth. However, LED lamps deliver the same lighting output while reducing energy use by up to fifty percent. You also save on air conditioning because LED lamps emit less heat.
LED lighting offers a long service life, saving you many lamp replacements over time. A good number of LED products last for 50,000 hours or more, while most fluorescent and HID lamps last less than 20,000. This is a significant advantage in the cannabis industry, considering the long operating schedule of lighting systems.
LED lighting provides versatility along with efficiency. While fluorescent and HID lamps have a fixed color, LED lamps can be designed with an adjustable lighting color. Consider that indoor crops have different lighting needs for vegetative growth and flowering. A cannabis facility would normally require two different lighting systems, but LED grow lights with an adjustable color can adapt to both roles.
Efficient Temperature and Humidity Control
Cannabis requires a specific temperature and humidity, which in turn demands plenty of energy to run air conditioning and ventilation. Ventilation design requires a special approach, since outdoor air contains substances that are potentially harmful for plants. A direct supply of outdoor air also reduces the carbon dioxide concentration below the ideal level for cannabis.
Ductless air conditioning systems are preferred for cannabis facilities. When high efficiency is a priority, HVAC engineers recommend chilled water systems or variable refrigerant flow (VRF). Mini-split systems are viable for small operations.
These air conditioning systems cool the air at a lower cost than conventional ducted systems while dehumidifying your cultivation space. A cannabis facility has high dehumidification needs because plants increase air humidity.
Using Solar Power in the Cannabis Industry
Solar power can adapt to any building with a suitable surface that is not shaded. Cannabis is often grown in warehouses, which have an ample roof area. Solar panels can capture sunlight that was previously reaching the roof directly, which reduces cooling expenses.
2019 is an excellent year to deploy solar power systems in the United States you will receive a federal tax credit for 30% of their cost. This benefit will be reduced to 26% in 2020 and 22% in 2021, staying at only 10% from 2022 onwards.
Energy efficiency reduces electricity consumption, while solar panels can generate part of that power locally. Together, these measures can minimize the energy footprint of cultivating cannabis.
Michael Tobias is the founder and principal of Chicago Engineers, an Inc 5000 Fastest Growing Company in America. He leads a team of 30+ mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection engineers from the company headquarters in New York City; and has led over 1,000 projects in Chicago, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Florida, Maryland and California, as well as Singapore and Malaysia.
A New York native, Michael grew up in Rockville Centre, LI. He currently lives in Brooklyn with his wife and children. Outside of work, he enjoys exploring the outdoors, whether it’s on a bike, a pair of skis, or a surfboard. He is passionate about growing personally and professionally every day, and about doing innovative work in the engineering world to help disrupt the traditional construction industry.
How to Grow Purple or Pink Cannabis Buds
There is a lot of interest for purple or pink cannabis buds – they have a certain appeal to buyers and can be sold for a higher price. Although the color usually doesn’t affect the taste, it makes them look tastier and fruitier nevertheless, surely captivating many people. So let’s see how to grow these babies.
If you want buds that are purple or pink, you must start with the foundation – genetics. Cannabis plants can’t be forced to produce colorful buds since the tendency to turn colors is almost 100 percent determined by strain and its genetics. The science behind color shows us that that the most important factor is a higher content of anthocyanin. This is a water-soluble pigment in plants which can appear in different colors depending on its PH level. So you need to start with choosing the strains which naturally turn vibrant colors.
After you’ve chosen the right strain, it’s important to get the right temperature that will allow it to grow properly. Temperature plays an important role in turning the buds from green to pink or purple since it affects the anthocyanin which is typically hiding in the seeds to break down, and this causes the pigments to come out. For maximizing colorful buds, you should maintain a temperature between 18 and 21 degree Celsius during cool nights, while for warm days it should be between 24 and 87 degrees Celsius. Heating control is especially important during the flowering stage when the ideal temperature is 10 degrees Celsius. To avoid the damage of your cannabis plant, it’s mandatory that you constantly monitor and control the temperature. After that, it all comes down to patience since you have to wait for all the buds to be in pink or purple color before harvesting.
Know The Parts of Your Buds
Different parts of the buds have the ability to display non-green colors. Since each part is a bit different from the other, they also have a different effect on the look of your final buds – ones can make a big difference while others don’t matter that much. This is why knowing the parts will enable you to read the signs if you’re moving in the right direction.
Calyxes are the most important part since they’re made by the bud itself. This is why their effect on the final color is the strongest. Bud is made from hundreds of calyxes so if they turn purple, the entire bud will certainly quire the same color.
Pistils – also known as hairs – can also change color. Actually, they work best for purple or pink buds since other colors usually vanish after the process of drying and curring. However, these two colors will usually stay the same.
And there are trichomes which are clear in the beginning and later turn to white or yellow, depending on the level of THC. However, they can sometimes turn to pink or purple, but that has a small effect on the final color. Additionally, color changes to white and yellow are indicators for the best time to harvest, so if the turn to other colors you’ll have to rely on pistils instead.
As you can see, the right genetics is the main condition for purple or pink cannabis buds. After that, maintaining the right temperature plays a crucial role. And without the knowledge about color-changing characteristics of each part of the buds, you may end up disappointed in the end.
CO2 Enrichment for Increased Yields
Indoor cannabis cultivators will do everything in their power to enhance photosynthesis. From high-powered lighting apparatuses to complete high-end nutrients, growers spend vast sums of money to ensure their plants are getting everything they need. One of the most important factors in the chemical equation that makes up the photosynthetic process is carbon dioxide. Because of this fact, many indoor horticulturists take advantage by supplementing additional CO2 to the CO2 that is already present in the atmosphere. The first thing any grower who wishes to use CO2 must do is to decide which CO2 method to use.
Mycelium-based CO2 Devices
Mycelium-based CO2 devices are the CO2 buckets or bags sold at hydroponic stores. These CO2 devices use a medium to cultivate mycelium (fungus) which produces CO2 as a byproduct as it grows. The bag or bucket is placed in the grow area and the CO2 produced by the mycelium mixes with the atmosphere and raises the CO2 level. These devices work great for small areas like closets or grow tents. They do not produce any heat and do not require automation equipment to operate. The disadvantages are that there is no control over the amount of CO2 in the room and they are not really practical for large grow operations.
Compressed CO2 in Tanks
One way growers can boost the CO2 in the grow room is by using compressed CO2 in large tanks or canisters. These tanks require a regulator to release the CO2 into the atmosphere. A timer, the CO2 tank, and the regulator are all that are required to start supplementing CO2 but the entire system will work more efficiently with the addition of a CO2 controller. A CO2 controller will monitor and regulate the actual CO2 levels in the garden. These levels are determined and set by the user. The fact that they do not create any heat and have the ability to be fully automated is why so many growers opt for CO2 enrichment with the compressed tank method. The disadvantages of this method are the handling and transport (the tanks are heavy and bulky).
The most popular choice for CO2 enrichment in large areas is CO2 burners. These devices burn either natural gas or liquid propane and emit CO2 in the process. CO2 burners come in various sizes, including very large units designed for large greenhouses or commercial buildings. Like compressed tanks, CO2 burners are most efficient when automated by a CO2 controller. The controller determines when additional CO2 in the grow area is needed and ensures a consistent level of CO2. The advantages of CO2 burners are they are suited for large areas and they are relatively cost efficient. The disadvantage of CO2 burners is the heat they emit can build up in the grow area if not properly addressed.
The CO2 Concentration
Once the gardener decides what device to use for CO2 enrichment, they need to decide on the concentration of CO2 they wish the grow room to have. Considering the ambient CO2 concentration in our air is just under 400 PPM (a bit higher in more populated areas) any CO2 enhancement beyond that level will give the garden some benefit. For beginners I normally recommend starting at 700-900 PPM. This is because the higher the CO2 concentration in the room, the higher the operating temperature must be to effectively use the CO2. At 700-900 PPM of CO2, a grower can operate the room at 75-80 degrees F and still get the full benefits from the CO2 they added to the atmosphere. More experienced growers, or growers confident in their control over the room’s environment, the CO2 levels can be pushed to 1500-1700 PPM. In order to gain the full benefit from this high concentration of CO2, the room’s operating temperature needs to be around 82-87 degrees F. Along with increasing temperatures, growers will need to adjust the nutrient concentration accordingly. Plants stimulated by increased CO2 will require a higher concentration of nutrients.
Along with high-powered lighting and quality nutrition, CO2 enrichment is an essential component to maximizing production in an indoor garden. By utilizing one of the devices to enrich the environment’s CO2 concentration, cannabis cultivators can manipulate the photosynthetic process and reap the rewards in prolific harvests.
Eric Hopper is the Editor in Chief for NUGL Media. He can be contacted at email@example.com.
Grow Room Wiring : 120 Volts vs 240 Volts
One of the most common misconceptions regarding an indoor garden’s wiring is that a grower can save up to 50% on the electric bill by switching from 120 volts to 240 volts. The voltage at which an indoor garden is operated has nothing to do with the cost of electrical usage. Electric companies charge their customers for the amount of wattage used. This is usually marked on the electric bill as total kWh (kilowatt hours) usage. A kilowatt hour is a unit of measurement that represents 1000 watts being used for one hour of time. This is how most electric companies bill the user and how growers can compare rates. The most important fact to remember is that the user is always charged for the amount of wattage consumed, not volts or amps.
A room wired for 120 volts would usually consist of three wires: a hot wire (120 volts), a neutral wire, and a ground wire. A room wired for 240 volts would usually consist of four wires: two hot wires (120 volts each, totaling 240 volts), a neutral wire, and a ground wire. The exception to this would be some older homes where the ground wire wouldn’t apply. In this case, the 120 volt would have two wires (a hot wire and a neutral wire) and the 240 volt would have three wires (two hot wires and the neutral wire).
If a grower is serious about deciding whether to operate the grow room on 240 volts or 120 volts, they should first get an understanding of how volts, watts, and amps affect each other. The current (amperage or amps) is always equal to the power (wattage or watts) divided by the voltage (volts). In other words, amps = watts/volts.
Let’s use an example to see how 120 volts versus 240 volts affects the equation. The example grow room has 10,000 watts of electrical power requirements. At 120 volts, the garden would require 83.3 amps (10,000W/120V = 83.3A). If that same garden was wired for 240 volts, it would require 41.66 amps (10,000W/240V = 41.66A). The real benefit of operating a grow room at 240 volts is that it allows the grower to operate more lights (wattage) on the given amperage. Amperage is the limiting factor for many indoor horticulturists, especially growers who have the home’s electrical usage and garden’s electrical usage on the same electric panel.
Since power companies charge by the kilowatt hour (or how many watts are consumed), there are no real financial savings by operating a garden at 240 volts versus 120 volts because the voltage does not affect the wattage being consumed. Although there is no financial savings, the advantage of freeing up addition amperage justifies many growers to opt for a 240 volt wired garden over a 120 volt wired garden. After all, by doubling the voltage, a grower can double the amount of lights being operated and, therefore, double the entire size of the indoor garden. And, as far as indoor cannabis gardens go, the bigger the better!
Eric Hopper is the Editor in Chief for NUGL Media. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Organic Compost Teas: Brewing Beneficial Microorganisms
Cannabis growers who are organic purists can approach fertilization and supplementation in a few different ways. Many growers choose to build-up their mediums with organic substances that will break down over time and give nutrition to the plants. These growers may or may not include liquid supplementation to their “nutrient rich” mediums.
Another tactic organic growers use is liquid fertilization. These growers rely on more inert mediums and provide most, if not all, the nutrition via liquid fertilization. Hydroponic growers fall into this category as the plant’s nutrition is completely provided by the nutrient solution.
In order for any organic grower of cannabis plants to achieve the largest yields and highest quality possible they must promote or supplement beneficial microorganisms. Beneficial microorganisms found in and around the plant’s root mass are responsible for the breaking down of organic matter into compounds absorbable by the plant. Whether growing in soil, soilless, or hydroponics an organic grower will need to find a way to maximize the beneficial microbes in the garden. Thanks to modern compost tea brewing methods there is a fast and easy way growers can continuously supply their organically grown plants with active beneficial microorganism.
The idea behind compost tea is fairly simple: soak organic compost in water, much like you would a tea bag in a cup, to obtain the soluble nutrients that are readily available for plant absorption. In most cases a straining bag or filter is used to hold the organic matter which makes for quick removal of the unwanted matter after the tea is done. The most popular “compost” products to brew tea from are worm castings, various manures including bat guano, and vegetable compost. The organic matter used will determine the nutrient make up of the finished tea. For example, a tea brewed from fish meal would be rich in nitrogen (and smell like death), while a tea brewed from high-phosphorus bat guano would be rich in phosphorus. This basic method of soaking organic matter in water to create liquid fertilizers has been around for many years. More recently though, with the addition of supplemental oxygen (usually provided by using a cheap aquarium pump), growers have taken compost teas to a whole new level.
Oxygenation of Compost Tea
By adding small air bubbles to a classic compost tea a grower can not only acquire the water soluble nutrients from the organic matter but also breed a much larger population of beneficial microorganisms. Many of the beneficial microorganisms found in soil are aerobic creatures. This means they do well in oxygen-rich environments. The better oxygenated the environment, the faster these little creatures can reproduce (assuming there is an adequate food source).
Carbohydrates to Supercharge
In addition to supplying oxygen directly to the brewing compost, growers looking for the largest possible populations of beneficial microorganisms should supplement a carbohydrate formula as well. Many of the microorganisms found around a plant’s roots have a symbiotic relationship with the plant itself. The beneficial microorganisms will actually feed off carbohydrates secreted by the plant’s roots and, in turn, create enzymes which aid in the breaking down and absorption of nutrients. The beneficial microbes will also use the carbohydrates secreted by the plant’s roots as food to grow and reproduce. By supplementing a carbohydrate formula into the tea, cannabis growers can facilitate the natural processes that happen in and around a plant’s root zone. This includes the growth and reproduction of many beneficial microorganisms. Compost teas supplemented with carbohydrates create even larger populations of beneficial microorganisms than compost teas that use oxygenation alone.
Additional Filters for Hydroponics
Organic purists who still want to enjoy the benefits of hydroponic growing may do so with the use of microbial-rich compost teas. Unfortunately, rich compost teas may be a nuisance for the hydroponic grower because emitters and pumps may easily be clogged and, frankly, make a mess out of everything. Hydroponic growers looking to gain the benefits of compost teas but lose the hassles should implement a triple filtration process.
Filter 1 (Initial Brewing Filter)
First, filter the organic material in the brewer. As previously mentioned, most gardeners use a screen bag or some other filtration to remove the bulk of the organic material from the tea upon completion. This filter should be used by all gardeners whether they grow in hydroponic systems or soil. After the initial filtering, soil growers can go ahead and apply the tea.
Filter 2 (Secondary Brewing Filter)
A smaller screened filter should be used for the secondary brewing filter. Some of the extraction bags sold at hydroponic retailers can actually be used as a secondary compost filter bag. Organic purists can also implement a natural filter for the secondary filter. I have seen some impressive natural filters built from five gallon buckets and gravel. If used regularly, a natural filter will eventually create its own micro-ecosystem complete with its own beneficial microorganisms.
Filter 3 (Equipment Filters)
Last, but not least, organic hydroponic growers using compost teas should use filters on all pumps being used in the hydroponic system. Most submersible pumps come equipped with their own filter. In addition to that filter, a pump filter bag can be used to make certain any remaining sediment in the compost tea remains in the reservoir and does not affect sprayers, emitters, or the plant’s roots.
By oxygenating the compost teas and supplementing with carbohydrates, cannabis cultivators can produce the most microbial-rich teas possible. With the proper filtration organic hydroponic growers can enjoy the speed and convenience of hydroponics while incorporating organics for heightened quality and flavor.
Eric Hopper is the Editor in Chief for NUGL Media. He can be contacted at email@example.com.
The Beneficial Elements For Cannabis Plants
After many discoveries in plant physiology scientists have identified and categorized the elements needed to support plant growth as the essential elements. Rightly named, those elements are essential to plant function and are required for plant health. The essential elements are found in base fertilizers and provide balanced nutrition to the plants. In addition to the essential elements there is another group of elements that plant scientists are classifying as beneficial elements. These elements are not essential to plant functions but display certain benefits when available to the plants. In order for a cannabis grower to have the most productive garden possible he or she must not only understand and feed the plants the essential elements but also gain an understanding of how to use the beneficial elements to their advantage. There are four elements categorized as beneficial elements; silicon, sodium, cobalt, and selenium.
Of all the beneficial elements none are as important or widely used as silicon. Silica formulations have become increasingly popular within the indoor gardening community as well as commercial agriculture. This is because silicon is associated with structural integrity as well as heightened resistance to various pathogens. Silicon also helps cannabis plants negate stressful conditions such as excess heat (all too common for indoor horticulture) or drought. There are many different silica formulations on the market but cannabis growers should look for the most soluble form possible.
In certain plants sodium aids in metabolism and the synthesis of chlorophyl. Some plants will use sodium as a substitute for potassium when potassium levels are low (for particular purposes, like aiding the opening and closing of stomata). Adequate sodium levels are usually found in most media and fertilizers.
Cobalt is an essential component of many enzymes and co-enzymes. It has been shown to affect the metabolism of plants in different degrees depending on the concentration found in the soil or medium. Cobalt interacts with other elements to form complexes. Cobalt’s absorption into the plant is dependent on the complexes formed.
Selenium is actually toxic to most plants at any level higher than trace amounts. However, in trace amounts it has been shown as a component of beneficial antioxidant enzymes. All in all, selenium is usually found in minute amounts in fertilizers and mediums so growers don’t really need to worry about supplementing it.
Horticulturists who make sure their plants are receiving both essential elements and beneficial elements are more likely to achieve the best results. Silicon is really the only beneficial element that most cannabis growers need to supplement; however, a better understanding of the other beneficial elements will never hurt. Horticulturists who supplement silica along with a balanced nutrient regiment will provide their plants will all the essential and beneficial elements needed for accelerated growth and gigantic yields.
Eric Hopper is the Editor in Chief for NUGL Media. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Amino Acids For Cannabis Plants
As microbiologists discover more about the microscopic world that directly affects plant functions they are paying close attention to the “building blocks” of all proteins: the amino acids. Amino acids are organic compounds with an amino (-NH2) and a carboxylic acid group (-COOH) that are required for plant functions throughout the plant’s entire life cycle.
Amino acids are necessary for the synthesis of cellular molecules including chlorophyll, enzymes, proteins, and vitamins. Basically, amino acids are required for virtually every plant function. Even at the very beginning of a plant’s life amino acids are vital. During the germination process an embryo will consume amino acids derived from proteins stored in the endosperm. Other specific amino acid related functions include the synthesis of structural proteins, contributing to the formation of phytohormones (auxins, ethylene, polyamines, porfines, etc.), and the regulation of water balance particularly in times of stress. Amino acids can also act as chelators of the essential nutrients required for normal plant development.
L-Form Amino Acids
Amino acids come in two forms: L and D. The D form amino acids are larger molecules with a high molecular weight and cannot be used by plants. L-form animo acids when in the free form or in formation of small peptides can be absorbed by plants. This is very important to understand when shopping for an amino acid supplement. Fertilizer companies who use strong acidic or alkaline solutions to extract amino acids generally end up with a formula that contains both L and D form amino acids. These solutions are usually less expensive; rightfully so, because they are less effective. Companies that use enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins to produce amino acid formulas end up with only L-form amino acids. These formulations are usually more expensive because of a more intensive processing but are well worth it because they are much more effective. As with most things, you get what you pay for. Animo acid supplements are no exception.
Why Supplement Amino Acids?
It is true that plants create their own L-form amino acids when grown in optimal conditions. So why supplement amino acids? In order to create these amino acids the plant will have to “exert” a good amount of energy. It has also been discovered that plants growing in less desirable conditions or plants experiencing stress will stop or decrease their animo acid production. In order to obtain the essential L-form amino acids a plant will actually break down structural proteins. This activity requires a lot of energy that would otherwise be used to promote more growth or root stimulation. By supplementing L-form amino acids to their plants a cannabis grower can ensure the maximum level of amino acids needed by the plants is maintained. This will help optimize the crops’ performance and allow the plants to focus energy otherwise used for synthesis of amino acids on producing bountiful, trichome-covered flowers.
Tips to Choose the Best Marijuana Seeds for Desired Results
As marijuana usage is sliding in the society and it’s becoming legalized in more states, many people are heading to take a plunge in growing their own marijuana field. And the desired outcome? Well, to have the best crop at the harvest time.
Marijuana is expensive, so it is a good decision to have your own green thumb. But this is not easy! Even if you end up somehow growing the marijuana, even then there is no guarantee that you will get the desired results.
There are so many varieties of marijuana seeds to choose from that selecting the best option for the desired results can be confusing. But don’t worry – we have a solution for you!
Here are given the best tips to choose the right marijuana seeds so that you can harvest your desired results:
Genetics – Back to Biology:
Genetics never go out of bracket when the ‘kind’ of a plant is in question– same is the case with cannabis. If you are growing a marijuana field then all your efforts put in to perfectly plow the field, and rightly fertilizing the crop will go in vain if you have not considered the genetics of seeds.
You need high-quality feminized seeds to get the best results with premium quality and high quantity yield.
Potency – Kind of High:
Marijuana is always associated with getting ‘high’, but there are different levels of ‘high’. And your seed selection will determine the kind of ‘high’ your marijuana crop will punch.
If you are looking for high-level of ‘high’, then buy the seeds with a high percentage of THC – the element responsible for inducing psychoactive effects.
However, if you are growing marijuana for medical purpose, the seeds with the lowest THC or with no THC are the call.
Difficulty – Your Skills Matter:
Having the desire to grow marijuana is one thing, but having the right abilities to handle marijuana field is a totally different thing.
Some strains are shy of strong sun rays’ exposure, and some strains love to get pampered with complete nutrient care. Some strains need time to grow, while others take less time. And all these factors are essential to consider while selecting the seed.
Space – Area You Have:
Different seeds, with different techniques, grow to a different height. Go for a seed which will grow plant that fits your space. Though plant size depends on the root system, nutrients, and pruning, but the genetics of the seed is also essential to determine the size of the plant.
Instead of growing a jungle of marijuana plants, it is better to choose seeds and growing techniques that grow plants to fit your available space.
Legalization of marijuana doesn’t mean that you can go for any kind of weed irrespective of quality. The pleasure obtained from pure and high-quality weed is unbeatable.
Select the right seeds, grow the best deal, and smoke it as you wish! Isn’t it what you want?
Best Herbs to Pair With Marijuana
Do you like to smoke marijuana? What are your reasons for doing it? Well, marijuana smoking has increased over the years, and the figures are staggering. Marijuana might be infamous in the first place but is famous for all the right reasons in the medical world owing to its medical advantages.
Herbs are natural plants that are famous for their aromatic nature and for garnishing food. It is important to know that herbs are now paired with marijuana to give smokers a soothing experience. The idea of e-cigarettes had grabbed people so quickly that now there are ways and means to enrich the experience with zero health risk. If you are looking to buy an e-cigarette for a great experience, then you can visit Grasscity online headshop to know about the offerings that they have for people.
Best herbs to pair with marijuana:
If you have visited North America, then you will come across the popularity of this plant. Though, expensive in cost, this flower has great sedative qualities and acts as a great catalyst in boosting one’s smoking experience.
Guessed from the name? Yes, this herb gives mild fizz to cats, but it doesn’t do the same for humans. However, this herb is still famous for relaxing people and making them comfortable. If you want to buy this herb then don’t worry, it is available in most fresh stores of flowers.
Were you looking for the best aromatic herb in town? Congrats! You just got there. Known for its beautiful aromatic fragrance and great taste, this herb is famous for its therapeutic properties. This herb is a great anti-depressant which means that it will instigate a great smoking experience.
St John’s Wart
Down the years, this herb has carved a great reputation for itself as a good anti-depressant. If you want to get the maximum benefit out of it, then vaporizing will do the honors for you. However, women must refrain from taking it as it has negative impacts on birth control medicines.
This herb is known for its partnership with beer. People who smoke have claimed that this plant has great sedative qualities and induces mild buzz in the body. As for the flavor, it’s earthy, sweet and a bit spicy. If you want to smoke marijuana then using it to blend will be a good idea.
This plant has qualities that are equivalent to green tea. This herb is known for its ravishing and energizing effect. If you want to feel energized and jazzed up after the smoking experience, then this herb is a must have as a blend.
Well, the list of most suitable herbs goes on. Marijuana smoking is an experience that relieves one from stress, anxiety, and depression. Before you make any informed choices, it is very pivotal that a suitable doctor be consulted for professional advice. Some herbs might not suit you which is why it is pivotal to be choosey.
How to Properly Store Marijuana
Do you keep weed at home in a tin, in the garage? Well, that’s not ideal. You wouldn’t store your milk in the cupboard, or your beer in the sunlight – so why would you store your weed incorrectly. Here is some great advice to store it in the right manner.
Avoid Using Plastic Baggies
You should not place your nugs in plastic baggies for several reasons. Placing your herbs in a plastic baggie could potentially crush your buds which removes the trichomes from the bud and decrease the potency of your herb.
Plastic should not be used to hold your herbs. Over time, the plastic will alter the taste of your herb. Additionally, plastic baggies do not prevent your herbs’ odor from escaping, making it a less than discreet storage container. Finally, plastic bags are ugly.
Choose Glass not Plastic
Airtight glass jars are the preferred storage containers for your herbs. Mason jars are the perfect solution because they can be found almost anywhere. Placing your marijuana in a glass container will prevent odors from entering or escaping and prevent oxygen from entering your container as well. Oxygen causes oxidation and can decrease the potency of your herbs.
When you place an item in a glass jar, you can rest assured that nothing will enter or escape once the lid is screwed on. Once your herbs are placed in jars, they will taste the same as when you bought them.
Store in a Cool, Dark Place
Glass jars allow light to enter which could potentially damage your herbs. Place your jar in a dark location such as a cupboard, a drawer or another location that remains dark throughout the day to prevent light from damaging your herbs. If your jar becomes too warm, it can cause condensation inside which can increase the risk for mold; so, make sure that your jar is stored in a cool location. Online store, Save on Cannabis, have a wide range of great options to store your cannabis properly.
Temperature and Humidity
Ideally, your herbs should be stored in a cool, dark location. Try to ensure your jar is stored in a location lower than 70 degrees. If your herbs are stored at temperatures above the upper 70s, the risk of mold increases. Humidity is also another thing to consider. Your marijuana should be store at a humidity level of around 60 percent. If humidity levels are above 65 percent, the risk of mold increases.
Kings, Seeds, Crops and Big Things
Arnold “Bigg A” White and partner, Damien “Big Percy” Roderick, are experts on all things big.
Big business, big influence, big results, big moves, big money and big on giving back to the people. I was intrigued to know more about the legendary Cannabis & Entertainment Moguls, and dive into their decades of expertise as independent cannabis growers and entrepreneurs. I had high hopes of learning a few industry secrets, and discovering the next “big” thing empowering independent growers in the cannabis industry. I learned a lot more than I expected. Here’s the scoop, and it ain’t all about Snoop.
Arnold “Bigg A” White, became a trailblazer in Hip Hop & Entertainment at an early age, beginning his career with his childhood friend in Compton, Eazy-E. Bigg A graciously served our country as an Engineer in the United States Army before making his mark in music history. He is well known by his colleagues and peers as a Philanthropist and community caretaker. After Eazy’s passing, he even dedicated his record store, Underworld, to his friends legacy and memory. His experience with the cannabis plant dates back to childhood, growing up in Southern California. Starting out as a man of Color in Compton comes with a certain set of skills and survival techniques superior to most people. You could say his knowledge and “street cred” is equivalent to that of a Harvard PhD in how to hustle and rise. Combine his street knowledge with business school, and experienced acumen, and what you get is the Vice President of Dogg Pound Recordz. Not to mention one of the driving innovators behind the marketing of Snoop Dogg, Warren G, Dogg Pound, Daz Dillinger, Kurupt, N.W.A, King T, Wiz Khalifa, Pharside, WC of the West Connection, Lil’ Eazy E, and so, so many more.
Established industry tycoon and business partner of Bigg A, Damien “Big Percy” Roderick got his start with the guidance of his childhood friend Kokane and Eazy-E back in Southern California. Infamously known in Hip-Hop, Big Percy has collaborated with A-list artists including Snoop Dogg, Warren G, Dogg Pound, Daz Dillinger, Kurupt, and Wiz Khalifa. He has a notorious reputation for positioning brands in the marketplace, brokering several million dollar deals for brands and artists, and is known for his remarkable and dependable business intuition in media, music and cannabis. He was recently appointed as a Board Member of NUGL, a publicly traded company, for that very expertise. NUGL is a media company that brings real consumer data to cannabis enthusiasts and connects them with resources spanning from cultivation products, brands, local dispensaries, doctors, lawyers, and any other possible services or products needed in our burgeoning industry. NUGL has a unique way of quickly connecting the consumer to the most related businesses in their geographic search regions, based on keywords, providing a superior consumer database that is revered by both industry and mainstream consumers for being one of the most trusted cannabis websites. Big Percy’s expansive career is quite impressive, influencing music royalty over the last 20 years, launching a clothing brand, and serving as CEO of RMM. These are just a few of his accomplishments. Percy is not interested in the good times and glamour that accompany his job. He is a sharp, motivated entrepreneur that quickly delivers results and profit to some of the biggest global brands.
Bigg A and Big Percy have positioned themselves as cornerstones in entertainment, cannabis and media, not just in Southern California, but globally. It is no wonder they have such a well respected reputation in the cannabis industry. They are experts in marketing, growing high quality weed, music, entertainment, and probably a few other surprising talents that we are not aware of. Bigg A strikes me as the type who could secretly be a ping pong champion… for real though. Bigg A and his partner Daz Dillinger, also have ownership in one of the most notorious Pacific Northwest cannabis brands, based in Seattle, DPG Budz. The popular brand is known for its “Moon Rocks” and premium quality cannabis. Moon Rocks were actually originally founded by Kurupt in collaboration with Dr. Zodiak. So… put that in your pipe and smoke it.
My dilemma was simple, I did not have a lot of free time and I needed more weed, but I also needed to spend less money than I was currently spending at my local dispensary for my favorite strain, White Widow. The pair had a few crucial tips for every type of grower, and I found this one to be the most interesting: “Auto-flowering Seeds.”
Roderick and White recently teamed up with Canadian based seed company Crop King Seeds, known for their popular strains and high flower yield. Crop King Seeds, originated in Canada, but has recently made a name for themselves in Los Angeles among some of the most influential cannabis advocates and mainstream celebrities. Crop King Seeds recently teamed up with the two Cannabis & Entertainment Moguls earlier this year, and the Canadian company kept it real cool by sponsoring artists and performances like Snoop Dogg, Doggpound, Afroman and Bone Thugs N’ Harmony. I asked Bigg A what he thought the quality and smoke-ability of the flower produced by Crop King Seeds strain Gelato that he grew himself was, and he divulged that after growing on a 20/4 light cycle for approximately 95 days: “those buds were fire…you hear me?”
According to www.priceeofweed.com, an ounce of weed in Los Angeles, is averaged at $400, for medium to high quality cannabis strains, depending on the experience of the growers and light cycles. Auto-flowering seeds have an average crop yield of 1-3 ounces of dry weight, so like a good Jewish girl, I crunched the numbers to discover auto-flowering seeds could potentially yield a market value of $7,200 in cannabis, in approximately only 90 days. This news was a game changer for me. As a medical patient, I need large quantities for higher concentration and dosing, and to be able to control the soil and nutrients of my plant to ensure its purity. The ability to purchase good quality cannabis at medical prices has become challenging in today’s market, to say the least. I have learned to grow and empower myself with the ability to control the outcome of my medical strain choices, purity of product, financial savings, edibles and concentrates. Learning was not hard and the knowledge came naturally. Auto-flowering just made this process that much easier, allowing me to free up more time and increase savings. So thanks guys, that’s dope advice.
For more tips and information about germinating your seeds at home, visit www.cropkingseeds.com for detailed growing instructions.
This article originally appeared on L.A. Cannabis News.
Cannabis Anatomy and Growth Tips
Cannabis or more typically known as weed is the hottest item on the market right now. Since its legalization, the product has become one of the most demanded commodities around countless states. Cannabis growth was declared a criminal act and therefore, the wisdom regarding it couldn’t be passed on. But the experts and experienced folk can let us all into a few secrets regarding cannabis growth that can help potential businesspeople be successful in growing great cannabis.
Making Sure You Know the Product:
It is the first rule of business to know your product. You need to be able to tell how your product is and what it takes for it to be at the best of what it can be. In this case, you should consider monitoring the cannabis plants closely and observe for every change in their growth patterns. Of course, not everyone can be an expert with plants but there are ways you can tell whether or not your weed is growing great.
Seeds of Marijuana You Need to Know of:
There are a lot of famous strains of weed that are the result of careful growth. Different sorts of seeds result in different strains and as the growth environment changes, it also has an effect on the strain. Here are some of the common seeds of marijuana in the market that everybody should know of:
- Northern Light Automatic
- Special Queen 1
- Royal Dwarf
- White Widow
- Amnesia Haze
Plant Structure and Cycle:
Cannabis plants are usually identifiable with 3 types of leaves. They are Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. What weed plants need to grow is a room with a temperature of 24-30 degrees Celsius and just enough water on a regular basis that is not too acidic.
Weed growth usually starts at the germination of seeds in the ground. 2-3 weeks later, a seedling sprouts up. This is when it requires a significant amount of time inthe light. After 8 weeks, it becomes a vegetative plant that should be separated from its female counterparts to avoid producing seeds instead of trichomes. When the plant comes to a flowering stage, reduce the light. After that, all that’s left is harvesting the plant.
Leaf Septoria is an infestation in plants that can be mistaken for a more common and less-critical growth problem. It’s actually developed by a fungus that appears in the form of spores at first. This is usually observed when the leaves start developing yellow spots followed by brown and yellowing of the foliage. This kind of microorganisms can destroy the whole crop quickly if serious care is not supervised.
You can find a lot of reviews like mSpy reviews and cannabis professionals to explain in detail how you can deal with problems and monitoring situations. Beyond that, it’s all about how much you can care for your plant to help it grow to its maximum potential.
Tips for Cloning Success
Most of these tips will work for traditional cuttings as well as hydroponic cloning.
Select the plant you plan to clone. Select only plants that are in good health and are at least two months old. New growth is best if it’s available, however, any healthy stem with at least two or three healthy sets of leaves will work. Only take cuttings from well hydrated plants. Plants that are dry will not perform as well as cuttings.
Hygiene cannot be stressed enough. Disease, fungus and viruses spread quickly and are a primary cause of failure. Luckily, a few easy steps will ensure healthy cuttings. It may be tempting to skip the cleaning steps, but you will be rewarded with quick healthy cuttings by spending a few extra seconds.
- Gather your tools: A sharp craft knife or razor blade, cutting shears, container with water, rooting hormone, clean cutting mat, cloning system.
- Prepare the water bath in the cloner. Measure nutrients carefully.
- Select a 2”-3” stem of plant, ideally with new growth. (Note: fall is the ideal time to find new growth, but cuttings will work in spring) cut below the intersection of leaves on the stem. Immediately place cutting into water until you are ready to process all cuttings.
- Remove lower leaves by carefully slicing them at the stem. Leave several leaves at the top of the stem. If leaves are too large for the cloning space, cut then lengthwise.
- Place cutting on a clean cutting mat. Sterilize blade with alcohol and carefully cut the stem diagonally at a 45° angle to expose as much of the plant’s cambium as possible. Be careful not to crush any tissues. Dip knife in alcohol between each cutting.
- Place a small amount of rooting hormone in a small Dixie cup or small glass and dip cutting into hormone. Do not dip the cutting directly into main container to avoid contamination. Throw the excess compound away; do not add back to the original container. Note: Commercial growers typically use liquid rooting hormone because the plant absorbs the liquid faster than the powder.
- Secure the cutting in the basket and place in cloner.
Check your cuttings frequently. In a few days you will start to see nodes forming just prior to root development. Change the water once a week or per the manufacturer’s instructions. Once roots are formed, transplant into 4” pots. Placing them in a cool greenhouse with bottom heat will encourage healthy root growth while keeping top growth compact and healthy.
The Overlooked Price of Ignoring Canopy Management
As practitioners in the fields of horticulture and urban agriculture (fields we give important names to because they follow a proven process and mean something to us) – we growers and gardeners spend an inordinate amount of time fretting about the details.
All of us agree on the important things; the quality of our substrate, the stability of the environment, control over pathogens, deficiencies and excesses, good light, quality inputs, genetics, sustainability, biodiversity. All important stuff… but ultimately our efforts are geared towards producing quality and volume in our harvests.
How do we efficiently get from point A (seed) to point B (harvest) with maximum potential being achieved? It’s a bunch of work. And nothing important should be omitted.
That being said, there is a metaphor that bounces around about a barrel and how each of the staves must fit with the others for the stave joints not to leak. If a stave is not fit or built sufficiently, or is missing: The water will leak and the barrel can never be full.
This metaphor as an analogy to describe an often overlooked leak in the barrel of our common growing knowledge: The problem of: how do we hold up our plants?
In controlled growing environments it is of great importance to manage the canopy. Canopy management should be considered a stave in the barrel for a number of reasons:
- To get even distribution of the best quality light at the optimal distance on the greatest number of fruiting and flowering parts to achieve maximum yield.
- To train branches for topiary or bonsai structures.
- To ensure that the plant is given sufficient ventilation and is not exposed to any environmental extremes such as heat or air flow stagnation.
- To use ways of stabilizing the plant and then anchor tie-offs in such a way that the plant is not damaged because breakage means the loss of quality produce.
Some plants don’t need help; but some do, and most of us treat this as an afterthought. We spend time and money on all of the previously mentioned details, but then just jab stakes in into the root-zone and tie-off branches as they fall or droop. Pre-planning usually involves either a one-size-fits-all structure or some serious DIY.
That said doing something is the right thing to do: Why wouldn’t all of us serious growers make a plan and fret, in advance, over the details and how to get the biggest bang for our bucks? Canopy management will help to produce larger harvests and make everything else we do work better.